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Honey Bees & Hives
What is a Beehive?
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L L Langstroth the Father of American Beekeeping

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Diversity with 88 Years of Isolation
Putting the Hive Back in Nature's Place

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Beekeeper Calendar

Jan 22nd

 

Feb 19th

Mar 5, 26th

Apr 16th

May 21st

 

Jun 18th

 

Jul 16th

Aug 20th

Sep 17th

Oct 22nd

Nov 19th

Dec 17th

Pollination, Bee Friendly Garden, Bee stings, Beekeeper mentoring program,What is a beehive  USF

Beekeeping equipment and tools, Protection, Honeybee biology, Smoker practice USF

Building beehives (hammers, wood glue, hive kits) USF

Swarms, splits and package bees (bring hive for bees) USF

Beehive inspection, Diseases, Pests, Parasites USF

Florida Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and Best Management Practices (BMP) USF

Queens and requeening USF

Products of the hive, Honey extraction USF

Projects and Bee College Prep USF

Fall management USF

Winter management USF

Spring management USF

Honey Bee sub-species

Bold species are available or present in the United States.

 

Africanized - Apis mellifera scutellata  - hardiness, quick build-up,

swarmy, abscond, build brood over stores, no cold resistance

 

All-American- Italian hybrid mite resistance, quick build-up, gentle, not swarmy, production, wintering, housekeeping

 

All-Star- Italian hybrid

 

Anatolian– Apis mellifera Anatolica - prolific, wintering, vitality, longevity, orientation

Aggressive in cold, enormous number of queen cells, swarming

 

Buckfast – gentle, mite resistance, spring build-up, not swarmy, wintering, longevity, production, housekeeping

 

Carniolan – Apis mellifera Carnica – good temper, calm on the combs, industry, orientation, hardiness, brood disease resistance, winter survival, thriftiness, minimal propolis, good on cold and wet days

Swarming, premature spring build-up, reluctance to enter supers, poor comb building, suspend brood rearing in pause of honey flow

 

Cape – Apis mellifera Capensis – workers lay by thelytoky

 

Caucasian – Apis mellifera Caucasica – gentle, tongue-reach, stores food close to brood, stores on minimum comb, work cool and wet

Brace comb, propolis, susceptible to disease, late build-up, drifting, robbing, wet cappings

 

Cretan- Apis mellifera Adami – good production

Aggressive, clusters of queen cells

 

Cyprian - Apis mellifera cypria – not swarmy, best performance, best wintering, vitality,quick build-up, disease resistant, no brace comb, orientation

Limited fertility, defensive, laying workers

 

Egyptian – Apis mellifera Fasciata (Lamarckii) – no propolis, very prolific, calm, self-defense, low drifting

Aggressive, moderate fertility, no winter cluster, clusters of queen cells, No cold resistance

 

German – Apis mellifera mellifera – 3 sub-types - mellifera (brown bee) lehzeni (heathland bee) nigra (black bee) overwinter well

Slow spring build-up

 

Greek – Apis mellifera Cecropia – fecundity, reluctance to swarm, colony strength, good housekeeping

Excessive propolis, brace comb, watery flat cappings

 

Italian – Apis mellifera Ligustica – industry, gentleness, fertility, reluctance to swarm, comb building zeal, white cappings, willingness to enter supers, cleanliness, disease resistance

Excessive brood rearing, lacks vitality, drifting

 

Midnight - Caucasian and Carniolan hybrid

 

Minnesota Hygienic – disease resistant, hygienic

 

Russian – mite resistance, winter hardiness, less propolis, quick build-up

always raising queen cells, swarmy, small population even during flow

 

Saharan – Apis mellifera Sahariensis – vitality, longevity, comb-building

Low fecundity, cold susceptible

 

SMR – Suppression of Mite Reproduction – mite tolerant, hygeinic

 

Starline – Italian hybrid, vigor, production, fast build-up

Large winter population, poor overwinter

 

Syrian - Apis mellifera  syriaca –

Defensive

 

Tellian or Arab - Apis mellifera intermissa – pollen gathering, vitality

Defensive, swarmy, excessive brood rearing, heavy propolis, disease susceptibility,

 

Tien Shan - Apis mellifera pomonella-  Apidologie 34 (2003) 367–375 © INRA/DIB-AGIB/ EDP Sciences, 2003 DOI: 10.1051/apido:2003037

 

VSH – Varroa Suppression Hygeinics

 

Yugo Russian and Carniolan hybrid, overwinters well, not swarmy

 

Asian or Himalayan bees are not able to interbreed with the previous due to a different number of chromosomes.

 

Dwarf - Apis florea - smallest known, open nest

 

Giant or Rock - Apis dorsata - forage at night during moon-lit nights, vicious, open nests, largest, migratory

 

Oriental - Apis cerana - cavity dweller, absconding

 

Himalayan cliff - Apis laboriosa or Apis dorsata laboriosa - similar to dorsata